Make your own free website on
Multicultural Literature
The Great Ball Game
Yangsook Choi: Biography
Yangsook Choi: Bibliography
Yangsook Choi: Book Analysis
The Thief Lord
This Same Sky
Wilfrid Gordon McDonald Partridge
The Eleventh Hour: Curious Mystery
Roll of Thunder Hear My Cry
M.C. Higgins, the Great
Goin' Someplace Special
Too Many Tamales
Pablo Remembers
My Name is Maria Isabel
Pablo's Tree
The Great Ball Game
Buffalo Woman
Morning Girl
The Mud Pony: A Traditional Skidi Pawnee Tale
Jingle Dancer
The Name Jar
Tree of Cranes
Good Luck Gold: And Other Poems
The Magic Paintbrush
Ella Enchanted
Silent Lotus
Real Heroes

Bruchac, Joseph.  1994.  The great ball game: A Muskogee
     story.  Illustrated by Susan L. Roth.  New York: Dial Books
     for Young Readers.  ISBN: 0803715390.


In this Muskogee Indian tale the animals and the birds argue about who is better.  The animals believe they have the advantage because of their teeth and the birds are certain that they are better due to their wings.  The leaders of both sides come up with an idea to have a ball game (similar to lacrosse) to determine the winner of the argument.  First side to score a goal wins the argument and must accept whatever penalty is rendered by the winners.

When the stick ball game starts neither side claims Bat because he has both teeth and wings.  Finally, the animals show sympathy towards Bat and allow him to play on their side.  Bat scores the winning point for the animals when night falls and he has the advantage due to his night vision.  Bat declares that the birds must leave the land for half of each year and this, according to the story, is why birds fly south every winter.

In the forward, Bruchac clarifies that there are many renditions of this tale among various native cultures and offers an explanation of ball games as an integral part of Native American history.  He says that sometimes a ball game settled a dispute and helped avoid going to war.  He credits his version of this Muskogee tale to Louis Littlecorn Oliver, an Oklahoma Muskogee elder. 

The colorful collage art embellishes this picture book story using paper collected all over the world including Thailand, Japan, Tibet, and Italy.  The illustrator conveys action using bright and subtle colored papers, cleverly overlaid.  Where the animals and birds are seen in silhouette, the art is reminiscent of Indian cave painting. 

In an interview Bruchac says he tries to honor Native American cultures through storytelling.  The best stories have lessons and “tell people how they should act toward the earth and toward each other” (Meet Joseph Bruchac). 

Meet Joseph Bruchac.  2004.  Available from
     mtai/bruchac.html.  Accessed 12 July 04.